Despite efforts by the United States and Saudi Arabia to agree to ceasefires and multiple armistice agreements, fighting continued and neither side adhered to the armistice agreed after consultations in Saudi Arabia..
Experts say the Sudan crisis is part of an international conflict over Sudan in particular and Africa in general, and in particular the divergence of international and regional relations between the two parties, more like a proxy war. ..
Farida Al-Bhandari, a researcher of African affairs and deputy director of the Iraq-African Center for Strategic Studies, said what was happening in Sudan was part of the international struggle for resources in Africa, particularly between the United States and Russia. said there is..
She told ANHA agents, “This rivalry between Moscow and Washington’s growing influence and conflict across Africa and across Sudan is not new, as Sudan’s political powers continue throughout the 80s leading up to the secession of southern Sudan. He pointed out that the civil war was the realm of competition.” While the United States welcomed secession from the South, Russia refused to do so. Russia quickly adapted to Sudan’s decision to leave, although warned of its repercussions.
And she continued, “Russia was the refuge and first military ally of the al-Bashir regime in the face of US pressure, and although they almost agreed to set up a Russian naval military base in Sudan, Washington intervened and requested a military base.”. “
“After the fall of the Bashir regime, the United States abolished economic sanctions and removed Sudan from the list of countries supporting terrorism,” the researchers said. pointed out.Rapid Relief Force and its leader, Hamity, who made repeated visits to Moscow. “
Wealth of Sudan
She said the FAO estimates that Sudan has the best arable land on earth and that one season of growing wheat, vegetables, fruits and fodder across the region could feed 800 million people for one year. pointed out that it is sufficient for However, only 2% of the land area is actually cultivated. Cultivated land reaching 175 million acres (approximately 71 million hectares) due to inadequate capacity, and the conflicts and crises that plague Sudan, which is considered part of the international conflict over Sudan, although the approved international plan does not. do not have.Make Sudan’s resources available.
Sudan produces 95-100 tonnes of gold annually, but less than 30 tonnes enters the national coffers and the rest is smuggled out of the country, making it one of the first countries to produce gold. ing..
“Russia is trying to increase its political and military influence on the African continent as much as possible, but it started from a very low base. No agreement has been signed, and the presence of hundreds of Russian contractors is incomparable.” With at least 7,000 French personnel and 6,000 American personnel, the plan has implications for the current strategic situation in sub-Saharan Africa. would give.
He noted that while Russia has made important strides on the African continent in recent years through Wagner’s mercenaries, a comparison with its competitors (Washington-France) reveals that Russia’s role on the continent is somewhat exaggerated. pointed out..
Russian strategy in Africa
“Russia has been accepted by Africa as a country with a non-colonial presence in Africa and is willing to adopt the legacy of anti-colonial policies and equal rights partnership policies from its African predecessors,” the researchers said. “I believe.. “
And “Russia’s pursuit in Africa is a matter of great power competition, as Russia seeks to limit the influence, power and presence of the West and gain political influence at the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula and along the Red Sea coast.” I think there is. and to support and protect their side on the African continent, and to ensure access to support facilities. ” To the Navy in the Indian Ocean.and to counter Chinese influence.
“Recent developments regarding Moscow’s security implications in some sub-Saharan countries should not be ignored, but they should not be overstated,” Farida said.. “
“Russia’s openness to Africa has not yet resulted in significant political support from African countries at the international level. A detailed analysis of who votes for will reveal that.” “For example, in the Russo-Ukrainian War,” we saw how many countries abstained from voting and did not even participate in the voting process, especially in the early days of the war’s outbreak..
Her question is, will Africa pay for the conflict between Moscow and Washington? “Africa will pay a price for its resources, land and people. When elephants fight, they don’t ask for grass or small trees,” said an expert on African affairs. US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen argues I have a statement about this when I said I did.” It’s a matter of all the countries she visited during her tour and the sanctions against the Russian Federation. She ”and urged compliance with these sanctions.